Trigonella foenum-graecum (seed)

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AHPA recognizes other valuable resources exist regarding the identity of Trigonella foenum-graecum.

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Trigonella foenum-graecum L.   Fabaceae  
Standardized common name (English): fenugreek  
Ayurvedic name(s): methi; methika  
Pinyin name(s): hu lu ba (seed)

Botanical Voucher Specimen

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Trigonella foenum-graecum Tropicos 100260672 (S).jpg
Source: MOBOT,[1]

Trigonella foenum-graecum Tropicos 100192134 (S).jpg
Source: MOBOT,[2]

Organoleptic Characteristics

[Trigonella foenum-graecum (seed)] have a strong peculiar odor resembling that of elm bark, and an oily, bitterish, farinaceous taste.

Source: United States Dispensatory (1918) [3]

Macroscopic Characteristics

A European annual leguminous plant cultivated in southern Europe, Northern Africa and India for its seeds. These are oblong-cylindrical, somewhat compressed, obliquely truncated at each extremity, 3 to 5 mm. in length, brownish yellow externally, internally yellow and marked with an oblique furrow running half their length. [... Trigonella] contain fixed and volatile oils, mucilage, bitter extractive and a yellow coloring substance.

Source: United States Dispensatory (1918) [4]

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PlantaPhile - 300.jpg
Source: PlantaPhile[5]

PlantaPhile - 2598.jpg
Source: PlantaPhile[6]

Microscopic Characteristics

High Performance Thin Layer Chromatographic Identification

Supplementary Information


  1. MOBOT,
  2. MOBOT,
  3. United States Dispensatory (1918)
  4. United States Dispensatory (1918)
  5. PlantaPhile
  6. PlantaPhile
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